Germany

Germany's meat production, consumption, and exports are falling

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Total meat production in 2020 has dropped by 1.6%, representing a decrease of 142,000 tonnes.

Posted on May 07 ,09:59

Germany's meat production, consumption, and exports are falling

Germany produced 8.47 million tonnes of meat in 2020, 1.6% (142,000 tonnes) lower compared to 2019, according to data released by the Federal Agency for Agriculture and Food (BLE ). In addition, meat exports and consumption of meat products also fell.
By sectors, pig meat production decreased by 2.4%, to 5.11 million tonnes. That of beef fell 2.7%, to a total of 1.09 million tonnes. Poultry meat production, however, increased by 1.7%, reaching approximately 1.64 million tonnes. Compared to 2019 and measured in carcass weight, imports of animals -especially pigs- decreased in 2020 by 14, 8%, reducing exports at the same time by 11%.

Trade with other countries also decreased, both for meat and for canned food and meat products. Thus, imported quantities were reduced by 7.8% compared to 2019, reaching the figure of 2.57 million tonnes. Exports, meanwhile, decreased by 6.5%, to 4.01 million tonnes. Likewise, BLE analysts indicate that, according to available data, the degree of meat supply in Germany in 2020 stands at 117.7%, thus maintaining practically the same percentage as the previous year. The degrees of supply of the different meat subsectors stand at 125%, in the case of pig meat, 94.6% in beef, and 97.2% for poultry meat. The lowest degree of supply was registered, with 40%, in the sheep and goat meat subsectors.
Meat consumption in Germany has now accumulated three decades of decline, having reached a record low in 2020. That is, German meat consumption has fallen in 2020 to the lowest level ever recorded since German reunification in 1990.

According to the provisional balance, in 2020 each German citizen has consumed, on average, 57.3 kg of meat, that is, 750 grams less than the previous year (-1.3%). In 1991, average consumption amounted to 63.9 kg per capita, thus 11.5% above the level reached in 2020.

The BLE analysts emphasize that, over the last 30 years, the Germans have been reducing the consumption of pig meat, on average, by 6.7%, reaching 32.8 kg per inhabitant and anus. In the case of beef, there was a drop of 4.3 kg, reaching a total consumption of 9.8 kg per capita. However, with regard to poultry meat, in the same time interval, an increase of 6 kg (+ 83%) was observed, reaching the figure of 13.3 kg per capita.

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