Ireland

AHDB: Irish beef production lower to July

Beef

Cattle slaughter (excluding calves) was 3.1% lower during the first seven months of the year versus the same period in 2022, according to CSO Ireland. Slaughter of steers and heifers, and cull cows declined by a similar proportion (2.4-3%) to 690,000 and 230,000 head, respectively.

Posted on Sep 14 ,00:15

AHDB: Irish beef production lower to July

Similar trends have been reported in Northern Ireland. Clean cattle slaughter was down 4% year-on-year from Jan-Jul (at 206,000 head).

Looking at the latest cattle population data from DAFM, as of 1 July the number of cattle on holdings in the Republic of Ireland available for shorter-term beef production looks higher than a year ago, supporting expectations of higher kill in the second half of this year. This is particularly evident in the number of 24-30 month old cattle. Looking further ahead, the number of younger cattle that could come available for beef production looks tighter than a year ago, particularly those aged 12-18 months.

Irish calf registrations in the year to July have fallen by 1.6% year-on-year, according to data from DAFM. Within this, the number of calves registered to a beef sire have risen by 5% year-on-year to 1.4 million. On the other hand, dairy-sired registrations have fallen by 12% to 717,000 head.

Irish beef exports for the first half of the year have fallen by nearly 3% compared to the same period a year ago but remain elevated comared to the same period in 2020-21. The amount of beef imported into the UK in June fell slightly when compared to May, although the quantity was 6% above June 2022. Meanwhile, Irish shipments to the Philippines have continued to see notable decline, and exports have also fallen to European countries including the Netherlands, Sweden and Spain.

Since regaining market access for beef at the start of this year, Irish exports to China have shown strong growth but remain at low levels (accounting for just under 1% of total Irish beef exports so far this year). Competition into the Chinese beef market is strong, especially with growing Brazilian and Australian production at globally competitive prices. 

Irish cattle prices have shown some stabilisation over recent weeks, with industry reports of upwards movement in the latest factory quotes. Recent slaughter figures suggest that weekly cattle supplies are generally still behind year-ago levels. Indeed, the supply picture looks tighter in GB at present, with AHDB estimated GB weekly prime cattle kill figures having fallen quite sharply through August, offering support to domestic prices, with the all-prime deadweight average measure at 462.4p/kg in the week ending 2 September. Estimated GB cow slaughter meanwhile is particularly low.

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