Mexico reports 10 percent growth in exports of cattle to the United States
The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development in Mexico reported that the national livestock industry sold 901,754 heads of live cattle to the United States during the 2022-2023 export cycle, which concluded on August 31, which represents a growth of 10 percent, in relation to the same period of the previous cycle.
Mexican producers exceeded the previous year's export by more than 80 thousand heads, which closed with the commercialization of 819,581 live animals, highlighted the federal agency.
The cattle export report from the National Agri-Food Health, Safety and Quality Service (Senasica) details that of the total number of animals exported, 710,427 were live calves and 191,327 heifers.
The organization highlighted that the cattle came from nine entities in the Mexican Republic, which meet the bovine tuberculosis health status required by the US health authorities to export to that country: Campeche, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo León, Sonora, Tamaulipas , Veracruz and Yucatán.
This is possible due to the effort made by livestock producers to carry out the work of the National Campaign Against Bovine Tuberculosis, operated by Senasica, through which they have achieved that 86.23 percent of the national territory has a prevalence of the disease less than 0.5 percent, which places these regions in the eradication phase.
Chihuahua heads the list of exporting states, with 332,417 head of cattle; Sonora follows, which sold 263,695; Durango, 171 thousand 510; Coahuila, 54 thousand 739; Tamaulipas, 47,829, and Nuevo León, 31,117 calves.
Most of the cattle left four customs offices: San Jerónimo, Chihuahua, where Senasica officials inspected a total of 430,778 heads; Agua Prieta, Sonora, which handled 139,488 cattle; Nogales, Sonora, from which 124,207 left, and Ojinaga, Chihuahua, with 81,943 animals.
The 2022-2023 cattle export cycle to the United States included 53 weeks, which begin on September 1 and end on the last day of August of the following year.
In 1993, the United States-Mexico Binational Committee for the Eradication of Bovine Tuberculosis was created, to which the issue of brucellosis was later added.
They then began review visits to the Mexican states interested in marketing live cattle in the United States, with the purpose of evaluating their tuberculosis eradication program and, where appropriate, allowing or not the export of calves, for which they established different classifications that The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) grants it to the regions, based on the prevalence or level of presence of the disease in a certain geographic area.
The USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) has recognized several regions of low prevalence of bovine tuberculosis in Mexico.
Sonora is the only region recognized with the status of Advanced Modified Accredited, so its livestock producers do not require tuberculin testing to export castrated cattle to the United States.
For their part, Quintana Roo and Yucatán, as well as most of Chihuahua, Durango, Campeche and Veracruz have the status of Modified Accreditor, so they can export with the tuberculin test of the batch of calves that are going to be marketed.
Also, the regions of Tamaulipas, Coahuila and Nuevo have the status of Preparatory Accredited, so to market cattle to the US they must present proof of the batch and herd of origin.
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